Traditionally the purpose of National Forest Inventories (NFIs) has been to provide continuously updated information regarding the state of a given nationâ€™s forest resources, including their timber volumes, species composition and sustainable development. But with increased international reporting requirements â€“ to the FAO, the ITTO, the UNâ€™s Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Ministerial Conference Protecting Forest in Europe and other international bodies â€“ the potential role of how NFIs can accurately respond to these requirements has received some considerable attention.
Addressing the issue of how well countries are able to respond to current international reporting requirements, this book discusses the importance of comparable reporting, and the possible approaches for achieving comparability across Europe and globally. It includes country status reports from 37 countries, worldwide, and it discusses methodologies and techniques for a common reporting system.
With its collection of inventories and detailed discussions on the current status and future needs of NFIs, this book provides an invaluable resource for anyone involved in developing, managing, monitoring or contributing to forest inventories, as well as to those who are researching or practising forest resource management.
The MS-NFI method is in operative use in Finland, Sweden, US and Austria and would be used by government departments and bodies involved in forest policy, management, monitoring and assessment, forest managers, and researchers and graduate students interested in forest inventory, modelling and analysis. It will find an additional market among those interested in Earth observation, ecology and broader areas of environmental and natural resource management.
Preface.- Acknowledgements.- List of Abbreviations.- 1. Introduction. 1.1 History of NFIs. 1.2 Uses of NFI data. 1.2.1 The use of NFI for national forestry and environment planning and policy. 1.2.2 The use of NFI data for international reporting. 1.3 Harmonising forest resource information. 1.4 Objectives and overview of COST Action E43. 1.4.1 Structure and detailed objectives of COST Action E4. 1.4.2 Participating countries and institutions. 1.4.3 The approach taken. 1.4.4 The primary benefits of COST Action E4. 1.5 COST Action E43 contributions and the structure of the book. References; E. Tomppo et al.- 2. Comparison of National Forest Inventories. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Diversity in definitions. 2.2.1 Forest area. 2.2.2 Growing stock volume. 2.3 Diversity of sampling designs. 2.4 Diversity of sample plot configurations. 2.5 Diversity of increment and drain. 2.6 Error estimation. 2.7 Use of COST Action E43 reference definitions in country NFIs. 2.8 Discussion. References; M. Lawrence et al.- 3. National Forest Inventories: Prospects for Harmonised International Reporting. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Standardisation or harmonisation. 3.3 Constructing reference definitions. 3.4 Constructing bridges. 3.4.1 An expansive bridge for forest area. 3.4.2 A neutral bridge for forest type classification in Italy. 3.4.3 An expansive bridge for above-ground biomass. 3.4.4 A reductive bridge for forest structural diversity. 3.5 Summary. References; R.E. McRoberts et al.- 4. Summary of Accomplishments. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Reference definitions and the comparability of definitions. 4.3 Bridges for converting estimates. 4.4 National forest inventories and harmonisation of reporting. 4.4.1 Harmonised forest resources reporting. 4.4.2 Harmonised greenhouse gas reporting. 4.4.3 Harmonised biodiversity reporting. 4.5 Knowledge sharing to support future work. References; E. Tomppo et al.- National Forest Inventories Reports. 1. Austria. 1.1 Development of the Austrian National Forest Inventory. 1.2 The use and users of the results. 1.3 Current estimates. 1.4 Sampling design. 1.5 Estimation techniques. 1.6 Options for estimates based on reference definitions. 1.7 Current and future prospects. References; T. Gschwantner et al.- 2. Belgium (Walloon Region). 2.1 Development of the regional forest inventory (RFI) in Wallonia. 2.2 The use and users of the results. 2.3 Current estimates. 2.4 Sampling design. 2.5 Estimation techniques and data processing. 2.6 Options for estimates based on reference definitions. 2.7 Current and future prospects. 2.8 Cost Action E43 and its influence on RFI. References; J. Rondeux et al.- 3. Brazil. 3.1 Development of the national forest inventory of Brazil. 3.2 The uses and users of the results. 3.3 Methodological framework. 3.4 NFI associated programs. 3.5 Institutional framework and strategies for implementation. 3.6 Future prospects. References; J. Freitas et al.- 4. Canada. 4.1 Development of Canadaâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 4.2 The uses and users of the results. 4.3 Design of Canadaâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 4.4 Estimation techniques. 4.5 Governance. 4.6 Future prospects. References; M.D.Gillis et al.- 5. China. 5.1 Development of Chinaâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 5.2 The use and users of the results. 5.3 Current estimates. 5.4 Sampling design. 5.5 Estimation techniques. 5.6 Options for estimates based on reference definitions. 5.7 Current and future prospective. References; X. Lei et al.- 6. Croatia. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 History of Forest Inventory in Croatia. 6.3 Development of the Croatian National Forest Inventory. 6.4 Sampling design. 6.5 Estimation techniques. 6.6 Data management and reporting. References; M. VedriÅ¡ et al.- 7. Cyprus. 7.1 Development of forest inventories in Cyprus. 7.2 The use and the users of the results. 7.3 Current estimates. 7.4 Sampling design. References; L. Loizou.- 8. Czech Republic. 8.1 Development of the Czech National Forest Inventory. 8.2 The use and users of the results. 8.3 Current estimates. 8.4 Sampling design. 8.5 Management. 8.6 Estimation procedures. 8.7 Harmonized estimates. 8.8 Current status and future prospects. References; M. CernÃ½ et al.- 9. Denmark. 9.1 Development of the National Forest Inventory of Denmark. 9.2 The use and the users of the results. 9.3 Current estimates. 9.4 Sampling design. 9.5 Estimation techniques. References; A. Bastrup-Birk et al.- 10. Estonia. 10.1 Development of Estonian National Forest Inventory. 10.2 The use and users of the results. 10.3 Current estimates. 10.4 Sampling design. 10.5 Estimation techniques. 10.6 Options for harmonized reporting. 10.7 Reporting and prospects. References; V. Adermann.- 11. Finland. 11.1 Development of Finlandâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 11.2 The use ad users of the results. 11.3 Current estimates. 11.4 Sampling design and field measurements. 11.5 Estimation Techniques. 11.6 Options for harmonized reporting. 11.7 Current and future prospects. 11.8 The influence of COST Action E43 and related projects. References; E. Tomppo, T. Tuomainen.- 12. France. 12.1 Development of Franceâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 12.2 The use and users of the results. 12.3 Current estimates. 12.4 Sampling design. 12.5 Estimation techniques. 12.6 Options for harmonized reporting. 12.7 Current and future prospects. References; N. Robert et al.- 13. Germany. 13.1 Development of the German National Forest Inventory. 13.2 The use and users of the results. 13.3 Current estimates. 13.4 Sampling design. 13.5 Management. 13.6 Estimation techniques. 13.7 Options for harmonized reporting. 13.8 Options for estimates based on reference definitions. 13.9 Current and future prospects. References; H. Polley et al.- 14. Great Britain. 14.1 Development of the Great Britainâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 14.2 The use and users of the results. 14.3 Current estimates. 14.4 Sampling design. 14.5 Management. 14.6 Estimation techniques. 14.7 Options for harmonized reporting. 14.8 Current and future prospects. References; M. Lawrence, G. Bull.- 15. Greece. 15.1 Development of the Greek National Forest Inventory. 15.2 General use of the results. 15.3 Current estimates. 15.4 Sampling design. 15.5 Estimation techniques. 15.6 Current and future prospects. References; I. Meliadis et al.- 16. Hungary. 16.1 Development of the Hungarian National Forest Inventory. 16.2 The use and users of the results. 16.3 Current estimates. 16.4 Sampling design. 16.5 Estimation techniques. 16.6 Options for harmonized reporting. 16.7 Current and future prospects. References; L. Kolozs, A. Szepesi.- 17. Iceland. 17.1 Development of Iceland's National Forest Inventory. 17.2 The use and users of the results. 17.3 Current estimates. 17.4 Sampling design. 17.5 Estimation techniques. 17.6 Options for harmonized reporting. 17.7 Future prospects. References; A. Snorrason.- 18. Ireland. 18.1 Development of the Irish National Forest Inventory. 18.2 The use and users of the results. 18.3 Current estimates. 18.4 Sampling design. 18.5 Estimation techniques. 18.6 Options for harmonized reporting. 18.7 Future prospects. 18.8 Influence of COST Action E43. References; C. Oâ€™Donovan, J. Redmond.- 19. Italy. 19.1 Development of the Italian National Forest Inventory. 19.2 The use and users of the results. 19.3 Current estimates. 19.4 Sampling design. 19.5 Management. 19.6 Estimation techniques. 19.7 Options for harmonized reporting. 19.8 Future prospects. References; P. Gasparini et al.- 20. Japan. 20.1 Introduction. 20.2 Forest inventory under the Forest Planning System. 20.3 Forest Resources Monitoring Survey. 20.4 International reporting. References; Y. Hirata et al.- 21. Latvia. 21.1 Development of Latviaâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 21.2 The use and users of the results. 21.3 Definitions of forest and growing stock. 21.4 Sampling design. 21.5 Estimation techniques. References; J. Jansons, I. Licite.- 22. Lithuania. 22.1 Development of the Lithuanian National Forest Inventory. 22.2 The use and users of the results. 22.3 Current estimates. 22.4 Sampling design. 22.5 Estimation techniques. 22.6 Options for estimates based on reference definitions. 22.7 Current and future prospects. 22.8 Implementation of COST Action E43 results. References; A. KulieÅ¡is et al.- 23. Luxembourg. 23.1 Development of the national forest inventory in Luxembourg. 23.2 The use and users of the results. 23.3 Current estimates. 23.4 Sampling design. 23.5 Estimation techniques. 23.6 Data processing and analysis. 23.7 Current and future prospects. References; J. Rondeux, M. Wagner.- 24. The Netherlands. 24.1 Development of the Netherlands national forest inventory. 24.2 Sampling design of NFI5. 24.3 Options for harmonized reporting. References; W.P. Daamen, G.M. Dirkse.- 25. New Zealand. 25.1 Development of New Zealandâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 25.2 Uses and users of NFI information. 25.3 Current estimates. 25.4 Sampling design. 25.5 Estimation techniques. 25.6 Options for estimates based on reference definitions. 25.7 Current and future prospective. 25.8 Influence of COST Action E43. References; P.N. Beets et al.- 26. Norway. 26.1 Development of Norwayâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 26.2 The use and users of the results. 26.3 Current estimates. 26.4 Sampling design. 26.5 Estimation techniques. 26.6 Options for estimates based on reference definitions. 26.7 Future prospects. 26.8 The influence of COST Action E43 and related projects. References; S.M. Tomter et al.- 27. Poland. 27.1 Introduction. 27.2 The use and users of the results. 27.3 Sampling design of the new NFI. 27.4 Management. 27.5 Integration of the NFI and forest monitoring. References; R. Michalak, S. Zajaczkowski.- 28. Portugal. 28.1 Development of Portugalâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 28.2 The use and users of NFI results. 28.3 Design of the present NFI5. 28.4 Estimation techniques. 28.5 Current and future prospective. 28.6 Options for estimates based on reference definitions. 28.7 The influence of COST Action E43 and related projects. References; Appendix 28.1. S. Barreiro et al.- 29. The Republic of Korea. 29.1 Development of the national forest inventory of Korea. 29.2 The uses and users of the results. 29.3 Current estimates. 29.4 Sampling design. 29.5 Management. 29.6 Future prospects. References; S.-H. Kim et al.- 30. Romania. 30.1 Development of Romaniaâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 30.2 The use of the NFI information. 30.3 Current definitions. 30.4 Sampling design. 30.5 Management. 30.6 Estimation techniques. 30.7 Current and future prospects. References; G. Marin et al.- 31. Russian Federation. 31.1 Development of the Russian National Forest Inventory. 31.2 The use and users of the results. 31.3 Sampling design and methodology. 31.4 Management. 31.5 Current status and future perspective. References; O.N. Solontsov.- 32. Slovak Republic. 32.1 SlovakiaÂ´s National Forest Inventory. 32.2 The use and users of the results. 32.3 Current estimates. 32.4 Sampling design. 32.5 Data processing. 32.6 Structure of outputs. 32.7 Information system. 32.8 Conclusions. References; M. MoravcÃk et al.- 33. Slovenia. 33.1 Development of forest inventories in Slovenia. 33.2 The use and users of the 2007 FECS results. 33.3 Current estimates. 33.4 National Forest Inventory â€“ the 2007 FECS. 33.5 Estimation techniques. 33.6 Current and future prospects. 33.7 COST Action E43 effects on the 2007 FECS. Acknowledgements. References; G. Kusar et al.- 34. Spain. 34.1 Development of Spainâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 34.2 The use and users of the results. 34.3 Current estimates. 34.4 Sampling design. 34.5 Estimation techniques. 34.6 Options for harmonized reporting. 34.7 Current and future prospects. References; I. Alberdi Asensio et al.- 35. Sweden. 35.1 Development of Swedenâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 35.2 Uses and users of NFI information. 35.3 Current estimates. 35.4 Sampling design. 35.5 Estimation. 35.6 Options for harmonized reporting. 35.7 Current and future prospects. 35.8 Influence of COST Action E43 on Swedish NFI. References; A.-L. Axelsson et al.- 36. Switzerland. 36.1 Development of Switzerlandâ€™s National Forest Inventory. 36.2 The use and users of the result. 36.3 Current estimates. 36.4 Sampling design. 36.5 Estimation techniques. 36.6 Options for harmonized reporting. 36.7 Current and future prospects. References; A. Lanz et al.- 37. United States of America (USA). 37.1 Development of the national forest inventory of the USA. 37.2 The uses and users of the results. 37.3 Current estimates. 37.4 Sampling design. 37.5 Estimation techniques. 37.6 Harmonization. 37.7 Future prospects. References; R.E. McRoberts et al.-