Quality And Safety In Radiotherapy (Imaging In Medical Diagnosis & Therapy)

125,96 € 121,12 €
P. Scalliet, Arno Mundt, Peter B. Dunscombe, Todd Pawlicki
Fecha Publicacion
1 feb. 2011
The first text to focus solely on quality and safety in radiotherapy, this work encompasses not only traditional, more technically oriented, quality assurance activities, but also general approaches of quality and safety. It includes contributions from experts both inside and outside the field to present a global view. The task of assuring quality is no longer viewed solely as a technical, equipment-dependent endeavor. Instead, it is now recognized as depending on both the processes and the people delivering the service. Divided into seven broad categories, the text covers: ¡öQuality Management and Improvement includes discussions about lean thinking, process control, and access to services. ¡öPatient Safety and Managing Error looks at reactive and prospective error management techniques. ¡öMethods to Assure and Improve Quality deals broadly with techniques to monitor, assure, and improve quality. ¡öPeople and Quality focuses on human factors, changing roles, staffing, and training. ¡öQuality Assurance in Radiotherapy addresses the general issues of quality assurance with descriptions of the key systems used to plan and treat patients and includes specific recommendations on the types and frequencies of certain tests. ¡öQuality Control: Equipment and Quality Control: Patient-Specific provides explicit details of quality control relating to equipment and patient-specific issues. Recently, a transformation of quality and safety in radiotherapy has begun to take place. Among the key drivers of this transformation have been new industrial and systems engineering approaches that have come to the forefront in recent years following revelations of system failures. This book provides an approach to quality that is long needed, one that deals with both human and technical aspects that must be the part of any overall quality improvement program. Features ¡¤ Presents a global view of modern quality techniques that encourage improved patient care and safety ¡¤ Discusses both process and people specific approaches to quality monitoring and improvment ¡¤ Includes examples that highlight the use of modem quality techniques from manufacturing and engineering ¡¤ Emphasizes real-world scenarios to offer guidelines for setting up quality assurance programs and performing quality assurance procedures TABLE OF CONTENTS Part I Quality Management and Improvement ¡öA Perspective on Quality and Safety in Radiotherapy ¡öQuality as Viewed and Lived by the Patient ¡öQuality Management: An Overview ¡öQuality Management: Radiotherapy ¡öDevelopment and Operation of a Quality Management Program: Case Study ¡öMethodologies for Quality Improvement ¡öLean Thinking and Quality Improvement ¡öProcess Control and Quality Improvement ¡öAccess to Care: Perspectives from a Private Healthcare Environment ¡öAccess to Care: Perspectives from a Public Healthcare Environment ¡öThe Cost of Quality: Health Technology Assessment ¡öThe Past, Present, and Future of Quality in Radiotherapy ¡öPast, Present, and Future of Quality in Radiotherapy Physics Part II Patient Safety and Managing Error ¡öIssues in Patient Safety ¡öAn Overview of Risk Management ¡öTools for Risk Management ¡öError and Near-Miss Reporting: A View from Europe ¡öError and Near-Miss Reporting: A View from North America ¡öThe Impact of Cultural Biases on Safety ¡öA Primer on High Reliability Organizing ¡öErrors in Patient Information Flow ¡öIdentifying and Reducing Risk ¡öA New Paradigm for Quality Management in Radiation Therapy Based on Risk Analysis ¡öRisk Analysis and Control for Brachytherapy Part III Methods to Assure and Improve Quality ¡öMedical Indicators of Quality: Terminology and Examples ¡öMedical Indicators of Quality: Structure, Process, and Outcome ¡öThe Role of Quality Audits: A View from North America ¡öThe Role of Quality Audits: A View from the IAEA ¡öPeer Review: A Physician¡¯s View from Australia ¡öPeer Review: A Physicist¡¯s View from North America ¡öAn Overview of Credentialing and Certification ¡öAn Approach to Radiation Oncology Practice Accreditation ¡öClinical Trials: Credentialing ¡öClinical Trials: Quality Assurance ¡öThe Vendor¡¯s Role in Quality Improvement Part IV People and Quality ¡öThe Role of Leadership ¡öHuman Factors Engineering: An Overview ¡öHuman Factors Engineering: A Radiotherapy Application ¡öHuman Factors Engineering: A Case Study ¡öThe Changing Role of the Radiation Oncologist ¡öThe Changing Role of the Medical Physicist ¡öStaffing for Quality: Overview ¡öStaffing for Quality: Physics ¡öThe Role of Training ¡öPractical Aspects of Training Part V Quality Assurance in Radiotherapy ¡öCT Simulation ¡öMRI and MRS Simulation ¡öImage Registration, Fusion, and Segmentation ¡ö4D Simulation ¡öTreatment Planning Systems ¡öExternal Beam Radiotherapy ¡öLinear Accelerator: Resource Analysis for Commissioning ¡öLinear Accelerator: Implementation and Use ¡öCobalt: Implementation and Use ¡öSuperficial and Orthovoltage: Implementation and Use ¡öComputer-Controlled and Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy ¡öIntensity-Modulated Volumetric Arc Radiotherapy ¡öFour-Dimensional Treatment ¡öCombined Planning and Delivery Systems ¡öProton Radiotherapy ¡öStereotactic Radiosurgery and Stereotactic Radiation Therapy ¡öTotal Body Irradiation ¡öHigh Dose Rate Brachytherapy ¡öElectronic Brachytherapy ¡öTechnical Guidance Documents Part VI Quality Control: Equipment ¡öDosimetry Equipment and Phantoms ¡öConventional Simulators ¡öComputed Tomography, Positron Emission Tomography, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging ¡öStand-Alone External Beam Treatment Planning Systems ¡öConventional Linear Accelerators ¡öLinear Accelerator¨CBased MV and kV Imaging Systems ¡öElekta Multileaf Collimator ¡öVarian Multileaf Collimator ¡öSiemens Multileaf Collimator ¡öIntegrated Systems: Tomotherapy ¡öIntegrated Systems: GammaKnife ¡öIntegrated Systems: CyberKnife ¡öStand-Alone Localization Systems: Ultrasound ¡öStand-Alone Localization Systems: Transponder Systems ¡öStand-Alone Localization: Surface Imaging Systems ¡öMobile Electron Beam Intraoperative Radiation Therapy ¡öProton Radiotherapy ¡öHigh-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy Part VII Quality Control: Patient-Specific ¡öExternal Beam Plan and MU Checks ¡öMonte Carlo ¡öPatient Setup ¡öMotion Management ¡öTotal Skin Electron Therapy ¡öTotal Body Irradiation and Intensity-Modulated Total Marrow Irradiation ¡öTomotherapy ¡öCyberKnife ¡öMultileaf Collimator-Based Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy ¡öCompensator-Based Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy ¡öCranial Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Stereotactic Radiotherapy ¡öStereotactic Body Radiation Therapy ¡öProton Radiotherapy ¡öHigh-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy ¡öLow-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy ¡öBrachytherapy with Unsealed Sources ¡öIntravascular Brachytherapy AUTHOR BIOGRAPHY Todd Pawlicki and Arno J. Mundt work in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the University of California, San Diego. Peter Dunscombe works in the medical physics department at the Tom Baker Cancer Center. Pierre Scalliet works in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the St. Luc University Hospital.
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