Maize is one of the worldâ€™s highest value crops, with a multibillion dollar annual contribution to agriculture. The great adaptability and high yields available for maize as a food, feed and forage crop have led to its current production on over 140 million hectares worldwide, with acreage continuing to grow at the expense of other crops. In terms of tons of cereal grain produced worldwide, maize has been number one for many years. Moreover, maize is expanding its contribution to non-food uses, including as a major source of ethanol as a fuel additive or fuel alternative in the US. In addition, maize has been at the center of the transgenic plant controversy, serving as the first food crop with released transgenic varieties. By 2008, maize will have its genome sequence released, providing the sequence of the first average-size plant genome (the four plant genomes that are now sequenced come from unusually tiny genomes) and of the most complex genome sequenced from any organism.
Among plant science researchers, maize has the second largest and most productive research community, trailing only the Arabidopsis community in scale and significance. At the applied research and commercial improvement levels, maize has no peers in agriculture, and consists of thousands of contributors worthwhile. A comprehensive book on the biology of maize has not been published.
The Handbook of Maize: the Genetics and Genomics center on the past, present and future of maize as a model for plant science research and crop improvement. The books include brief, focused chapters from the foremost maize experts and feature a succinct collection of informative images representing the maize germplasm collection.
plant scientists, maize researchers, grass genetists, libraries
Preface.- Maize domestication.- Maize distribution and use in the pre-Columbian world.- Maize domestication genes.- The Hybrid Corn Makers and the Birth of the Seed Industry.- Maize and the origins of the biotech industry.- East, Emerson and the birth of maize genetics.- Brink and the origin of epigenetics.- The mutants of maize.- Cytogenetics and structural diversity.- Genome structure and evolution.- Genomic and genetic diversity.- The polyploid origin of maize.- Centromeres, neocentromeres and knobs.- Ac/Ds and Spm.- Mutator.- MITEs and MULEs.- LTR retrotranspsosons.- Helitrons.- Pairing-Meiosis.- Epigenetics.- B chromosomes.- Mitochondria and chloroplasts.- The maize genetic map.- QTL analysis.- Oat-maize addition lines.- A-B translocations.- Transposon tagging.- TILLing.- Expression analysis.- Transformation.- The male gametophyte.- The female gametophyte.- Embryogenesis.- Vegetative meristems.- Abaxial/adaxial patterning.- Proximal/distal patterning.- Cell differentiation.- Roots.- Inflorescences.- Seed.- Transcription factors.- Storage proteins.- P450s.- Chromatin and chromatin remodeling genes.- Disease and insect resistance genes.- Signal transduction proteins.- Disease resistance.-. Virus resistance.- Insect resistance.- Cold tolerance.- Drought tolerance.- Flooding tolerance.- Aluminium tolerance.- QTL for agronomic traits.- Nitrogen use efficiency.- Hybrid vigor.- Polyphospate.- Corn for ethanol.- Tropical maize.- Maize in China.- Maize for Africa.- The Future of Maize.- Index.